Nz dermnet - DermNet NZ is a comprehensive online resource for skin diseases and conditions. Learn about acne, a common chronic disorder affecting the hair follicle and sebaceous gland, its causes, features, treatment options, and …

 
Nz dermnetNz dermnet - Erythromelalgia is characterised by intense burning pain, erythema (marked redness), and increased skin temperature, primarily of the feet and hands. It is classified into primary and secondary erythromelalgia. Erythromelalgia is also known as erythermalgia. Primary erythromelalgia with positive family history is known as Weir-Mitchell disease.

Introduction. Itch is defined by a desire to scratch. An acute or chronic itchy rash is most often due to dermatitis / eczema. Dermatitis can be primary, or secondary to scratching. Stages include: Acute dermatitis: red, oozy, swollen skin. Subacute dermatitis: red, dry skin. Chronic dermatitis: skin coloured or dark, dry, thickened skin with ... Angioedema is caused by an increase in local capillary permeability and plasma extravasation, usually mediated by mast cells, histamine, or bradykinin release. Angioedema is most commonly histamine-mediated; mast cell and basophil stimulation results in histamine release. Angioedema with urticaria tends to suggest a histaminergic …Metastatic calcinosis cutis occurs in the setting of abnormal calcium and phosphate metabolism and is often associated with hypercalcaemia and/or hyperphosphataemia. Conditions that can cause metastatic calcinosis cutis may include: Primary or secondary hyperparathyroidism. Paraneoplastic hypercalcaemia. Destructive bone disease, such …Author: Qiuyu Jin, Medical Student, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. DermNet NZ Editor in Chief: Adjunct A/Prof Amanda Oakley, Dermatologist, Hamilton, New Zealand. Copy edited by Gus Mitchell/Maria McGivern. June 2019. DermNet NZ Update July 2021 DermNet now features a library of authentic patient cases with images. These cover the various symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, and outcomes that can be expected in the real world. You'll find these cases listed below. All of our content is written by medical professionals and reviewed by dermatologists before being published. The epidermis is the uppermost or epithelial layer of the skin. It acts as a physical barrier, preventing loss of water from the body, and preventing entry of substances and organisms into the body. Its thickness varies according to the body site. The epidermis consists of stratified squamous epithelium. That means it consists of layers of ...Dumping syndrome is the association of facial flushing with racing heart, sweating, dizziness, weakness, and tummy upset. Symptoms begin after gastric surgery and are provoked after a meal or ingestion of hot drinks or strong glucose. The syndrome becomes worse after the menopause. Sun damage ( photoageing, actinic keratoses) Repeated prior episodes of sunburn. Fair skin, blue eyes and blond or red hair — note; BCC can also affect darker skin types. Previous cutaneous injury, thermal burn, disease (eg cutaneous lupus, sebaceous naevus) Inherited syndromes: BCC is a particular problem for families with basal cell naevus ... A digital myxoid pseudocyst is a shiny papule found at the end of a finger or toe, close to the nail. It is called a pseudocyst because it is not surrounded by a capsule, unlike a true cyst. It is also called a myxoid cyst, a mucous cyst, a …Dermatosis is a generic term for a disease of the skin. When examining the skin, a dermatologist assesses distribution, morphology and arrangement of skin lesions: their …Carotenoderma is due to carotenaemia. Primary carotenaemia is usually due to excessive intake of carotenoid-containing foods or supplements. Carotene is found in all pigmented fruits and vegetables. High levels are associated with a deep yellow, orange, or green colour. Examples of fruit and vegetables with a high β-carotene content include ...Scarlet fever usually starts with a sudden fever associated with sore throat, swollen neck glands, headache, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, swollen and red strawberry tongue, abdominal pain, body aches, and malaise. The characteristic rash appears 12–48 hours after the start of the fever. The rash usually starts below the ears, …DermNet is an authoritative source of clinically helpful information and an excellent image library for my own clinical practice, as well as for teaching students. Marion Hill. General …Macular amyloidosis is generally pruritic, although the degree of pruritus varies from mild to severe. It can assume a subtle rippled or reticulated pattern, which resembles the ‘seafloor pattern’ seen in lichen amyloidosis. Macular amyloidosis may co-exist with lichen amyloidosis in up to 25% of affected patients [9]. DermDiag. The DermDiag Tool is designed to help you understand your skin condition. This tool does not provide medical advice. To get started, select the part of the body where you are experiencing symptoms. We suggest that you search our Glossary if you are unfamiliar with any dermatological terms. Athlete's foot is a term often used to describe a fungal infection (or dermatophytosis) of the foot ( tinea pedis ). It most often results in peeling skin and fissuring between the toes (the toe clefts ). The cleft between the fourth and fifth toes is the most frequently affected. Fungal infection is not the only reason for peeling and ...Scalp psoriasis is a skin condition characterised by red, thickened, well- demarcated patches or plaques with overlying silvery-white scales, affecting part or all of the scalp. It can be contained within the hairline, though frequently affects the back of the head, or extends onto the forehead ( facial psoriasis ), ears, or neck.Principles of treatment. Despite recent advances in our understanding of the mechanism of how psoriasis develops, psoriasis may be difficult to treat; there is currently no cure and …DermNet does not provide an online consultation service. If you have any concerns with your skin or its treatment, see a dermatologist for advice. Sun damage ( photoageing, actinic keratoses) Repeated prior episodes of sunburn. Fair skin, blue eyes and blond or red hair — note; BCC can also affect darker skin types. Previous cutaneous injury, thermal burn, disease (eg cutaneous lupus, sebaceous naevus) Inherited syndromes: BCC is a particular problem for families with basal cell naevus ... Scalp tumours occur worldwide. Most scalp tumours (93–99%) are benign as opposed to malignant. Approximately 40–50% of benign scalp tumours are cysts with an estimated 20% incidence in Western populations. Trichilemmal (or pilar) cysts are especially common and it is estimated 80% of these cysts occur on the scalp.Darier disease is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder classified as a hereditary acantholytic dermatosis. Darier disease typically presents with scaly crusted papules in a seborrhoeic distribution and in skin folds. Also …Risankizumab is an interleukin IL-23 antagonist indicated for the treatment of moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis in adults who are candidates for systemic therapy or phototherapy [1]. Risankizumab was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in April 2019, in Japan in March 2019, and by the European Union in March 2019.Author: Qiuyu Jin, Medical Student, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. DermNet NZ Editor in Chief: Adjunct A/Prof Amanda Oakley, Dermatologist, Hamilton, New Zealand. Copy edited by Gus Mitchell/Maria McGivern. June 2019. DermNet NZ …Urticaria pigmentosa. Urticaria pigmentosa is a form of cutaneous mastocytosis in which there are brown macules and papules. Urticaria pigmentosa is mostly seen in infants and improves with age. It may also arise in adults when it tends to persist. Lesions may affect trunk and limbs, and less often scalp and face.Ramsay Hunt syndrome is a rare peripheral facial neuropathy. It is a type of shingles due to reactivation of the varicella zoster virus (VZV) in the geniculate ganglion of cranial nerve VII, which supplies the facial nerve. Ramsay Hunt syndrome is characterised by unilateral facial weakness and painful blisters — either in the ear canal on ...301 Moved Permanently. nginx/1.10.3Ramsay Hunt syndrome is a rare peripheral facial neuropathy. It is a type of shingles due to reactivation of the varicella zoster virus (VZV) in the geniculate ganglion of cranial nerve VII, which supplies the facial nerve. Ramsay Hunt syndrome is characterised by unilateral facial weakness and painful blisters — either in the ear canal on ...Contact dermatitis (also called contact eczema) refers to a group of skin disorders in which the skin reaction is due to direct contact with the causative agent. The term dermatitis implies that the outside layers of skin are affected. It can be acute (a single episode) or chronic ( persistent ). Dermatitis is nearly always itchy. Sun damage ( photoageing, actinic keratoses) Repeated prior episodes of sunburn. Fair skin, blue eyes and blond or red hair — note; BCC can also affect darker skin types. Previous cutaneous injury, thermal burn, disease (eg cutaneous lupus, sebaceous naevus) Inherited syndromes: BCC is a particular problem for families with basal cell naevus ... DermNet now features a library of authentic patient cases with images. These cover the various symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, and outcomes that can be expected in the real world. You'll find these cases listed below. All of our content is written by medical professionals and reviewed by dermatologists before being published. Introduction. If you don't find what you are looking for on this page, try DermNet's Glossary of Dermatology Terms or Dermatological diagnoses often have more than one name. DermNet refers to various resources when naming conditions, including the World Health Organisation (WHO)'s International Classification of Diseases (see ICD11 coding tool), …Acne conglobata is a rare severe form of nodulocystic acne. It presents with groups of multiple comedones and inflammatory papules, pustules, and nodules involving the trunk, limbs, and buttocks. Interconnecting abscesses and draining sinuses become secondarily infected causing pain and malodour. Healing is slow, leaving unsightly hypertrophic ... Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a treatment used mainly for superficial types of skin cancer. PDT is effective in treating actinic keratoses, in situ squamous cell carcinoma (Bowen disease), and superficial basal cell carcinomas. It may also be used for treatment of small, thin, low-risk nodular basal cell carcinomas outside of the head and neck ... Pityriasis versicolor affects the trunk, neck, and/or arms, and is uncommon on other parts of the body. The patches may be coppery brown, paler than surrounding skin, or pink. Pale patches may be more common in darker skin; this appearance is known as pityriasis versicolor alba. Sometimes the patches start scaly and brown, and then resolve ... Fungal infection of the nail, also known as onychomycosis, compromises over 50% of all nail disease with an estimated prevalence of 5.5%. They can affect the toenails, fingernails, or both. Fungal nail infections are also known as tinea unguium in … Dermatoporosis is a term used to describe chronic cutaneous insufficiency and fragility associated with both intrinsic and extrinsic ageing. The features of dermatoporosis include: Skin fragility and atrophy. Senile purpura. Stellate pseudoscars (star-shaped white patches) Non-healing atrophic ulcers. Trichotillomania is estimated to affect up to 4% of the general population. It can affect males and females of any age but is more common in children than in adults. Peak of onset usually occurs in the pre-school years and also in early adolescence, usually around the time of puberty. In children, trichotillomania affects boys and girls equally ...Acne conglobata is a rare severe form of nodulocystic acne. It presents with groups of multiple comedones and inflammatory papules, pustules, and nodules involving the trunk, limbs, and buttocks. Interconnecting abscesses and draining sinuses become secondarily infected causing pain and malodour. Healing is slow, leaving unsightly hypertrophic ... The term atypical naevus is sometimes used to mean any funny-looking mole, and sometimes to mean a melanocytic lesion that is suspected of being a melanoma (a cancerous mole). One definition of an atypical naevus is a mole with at least 3 of the following features. Size > 5 mm diameter. Ill-defined or blurred borders. Scalp tumours occur worldwide. Most scalp tumours (93–99%) are benign as opposed to malignant. Approximately 40–50% of benign scalp tumours are cysts with an estimated 20% incidence in Western populations. Trichilemmal (or pilar) cysts are especially common and it is estimated 80% of these cysts occur on the scalp. The features in common for benign skin lesions include: Symmetry in shape, colour and structure. Stable or slowly evolving. Absence of spontaneous bleeding (bleeding or ulceration may be due to recent injury). Benign lesions can be classified by their cellular origin: melanocytic, keratinocytic, vascular, fibrous, fat, and so on, A dermatofibroma can occur anywhere on the skin. Dermatofibroma size varies from 0.5–1.5 cm diameter; most lesions are 7–10 mm diameter. A dermatofibroma is tethered to the skin surface and mobile over subcutaneous tissue. The overlying skin dimples on pinching the lesion – the dimple or pinch sign. Colour may be pink to light brown in ...What are the features of benign skin lesions? The features in common for benign skin lesions include: Symmetry in shape, colour and structure. Stable or slowly evolving. …DermNet is a not-for-profit, independent health publishing organisation with a mission to make authoritative information about the skin accessible to anyone in the world. We have information about almost every skin condition and have a library of over 20,000 dermatology images. All of our content is created or reviewed by a dermatologist and we ...Hyperhidrosis is the name given to excessive and uncontrollable sweating. Sweat is a weak salt solution produced by the eccrine sweat glands. These are distributed over the entire body but are most numerous on the palms and soles (with about 700 glands per square centimetre). Pityriasis versicolor affects the trunk, neck, and/or arms, and is uncommon on other parts of the body. The patches may be coppery brown, paler than surrounding skin, or pink. Pale patches may be more common in darker skin; this appearance is known as pityriasis versicolor alba. Sometimes the patches start scaly and brown, and then resolve ... A list of the most commonly used key terms and phrases in dermatology. Angioedema is caused by an increase in local capillary permeability and plasma extravasation, usually mediated by mast cells, histamine, or bradykinin release. Angioedema is most commonly histamine-mediated; mast cell and basophil stimulation results in histamine release. Angioedema with urticaria tends to suggest a histaminergic …Polymorphic light eruption (PMLE) is a seasonal, acquired, idiopathic photodermatosis occurring in spring and early summer. It is also known as polymorphous light eruption, sun allergy, sun poisoning, prurigo aestivalis, summer eruption/prurigo, or eczema solare. Juvenile spring eruption is a variant of PMLE.UVB phototherapy is delivered within a specially designed cabinet. Fluorescent light tubes are positioned to target affected areas with ultraviolet radiation (eg, hands or feet). For full body treatments, patients are undressed with genitalia covered, and eyes or full face should be protected with goggles or a face mask.What are the features of benign skin lesions? The features in common for benign skin lesions include: Symmetry in shape, colour and structure. Stable or slowly evolving. …Scalp psoriasis is a skin condition characterised by red, thickened, well- demarcated patches or plaques with overlying silvery-white scales, affecting part or all of the scalp. It can be contained within the hairline, though frequently affects the back of the head, or extends onto the forehead ( facial psoriasis ), ears, or neck.Pityriasis rosea is a self-limiting rash that resolves in about 6–10 weeks. It is characterised by a large circular or oval "herald patch" on the chest, abdomen, or back, followed by …Definition. Dermatology is the medical discipline that is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the skin, hair, and nails in both children and adults. Specialists in dermatology are called dermatologists.. The New Zealand Dermatological Society’s definition is comprehensive: “Dermatology involves but is not limited to study, research, …Contact dermatitis (also called contact eczema) refers to a group of skin disorders in which the skin reaction is due to direct contact with the causative agent. The term dermatitis implies that the outside layers of skin are affected. It can be acute (a single episode) or chronic ( persistent ). Dermatitis is nearly always itchy.Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by specific strains (serovars L1, L2, and L3) of the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. The more common non-LGV, C. trachomatis infection, commonly known as chlamydia, is largely restricted to the initial local mucosal site of infection, whereas LGV …Erythromelalgia is characterised by intense burning pain, erythema (marked redness), and increased skin temperature, primarily of the feet and hands. It is classified into primary and secondary erythromelalgia. Erythromelalgia is also known as erythermalgia. Primary erythromelalgia with positive family history is known as Weir-Mitchell disease.Presented at the Australasian College of Dermatologists ASM 49, Perth, Australia, 14–17 May 2016. AFP. Vekic DA, Frew JW, Woods J, Cains GD. Adopting the orphan: The importance of recognising hidradenitis suppurativa as a systemic auto-inflammatory disease. Australas J Dermatol 2016; 57: 69–70.Scalp tumours occur worldwide. Most scalp tumours (93–99%) are benign as opposed to malignant. Approximately 40–50% of benign scalp tumours are cysts with an estimated 20% incidence in Western populations. Trichilemmal (or pilar) cysts are especially common and it is estimated 80% of these cysts occur on the scalp.Molluscum contagiosum is caused by a poxvirus, the molluscum contagiosum virus. There are at least 4 viral subtypes. Sexual transmission in adults. Transmission of molluscum contagiosum appears to be more likely in wet conditions, such as when children bathe or swim together.DermNet NZ is a comprehensive online resource for skin diseases and conditions. Learn about acne, a common chronic disorder affecting the hair follicle and sebaceous gland, its causes, features, treatment options, and …Lentigo maligna is a precursor to lentigo maligna melanoma, a potentially serious form of skin cancer. Lentigo maligna is also known as Hutchinson melanotic freckle. Lentigo maligna is an early form of melanoma in which the malignant cells are confined to the tissue of origin, the epidermis, hence it is often reported as ‘ in situ ’ melanoma.Avoid use of soaps and detergents. Keep fingernails short. Keep skin hydrated. Eczema is characterised by reduced skin barrier function, which leads to enhanced water loss and dry skin, therefore, hydrate with warm soaking baths for at least 10 minutes followed by application of moisturiser/ emollient.Cutaneous features of periorificial dermatitis include: An acneiform eruption. Clusters of skin-coloured to red papules, vesicles, and pustules. Usually less than 2mm each; may coalesce into larger lesions. …Author: Qiuyu Jin, Medical Student, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. DermNet NZ Editor in Chief: Adjunct A/Prof Amanda Oakley, Dermatologist, Hamilton, New Zealand. Copy edited by Gus Mitchell/Maria McGivern. June 2019. DermNet NZ …Pseudofolliculitis barbae (PFB) is a common inflammatory reaction of the hair follicle, most often on the face as a result of shaving. Also known as “razor bumps” or “shaving bumps”, it can also occur on any site where hair is shaved or plucked, including the axilla, pubic area, and legs. Folliculitis barbae presents similarly, but is ... Pityriasis versicolor affects the trunk, neck, and/or arms, and is uncommon on other parts of the body. The patches may be coppery brown, paler than surrounding skin, or pink. Pale patches may be more common in darker skin; this appearance is known as pityriasis versicolor alba. Sometimes the patches start scaly and brown, and then resolve ... What is cellulitis? Cellulitis is a common bacterial skin infection of the lower dermis and subcutaneous tissue. It results in a localised area of red, painful, swollen skin, and systemic symptoms. Left untreated, cellulitis can be life-threatening. Similar symptoms are experienced with the more superficial infection, erysipelas, so cellulitis and erysipelas …A dermatofibroma can occur anywhere on the skin. Dermatofibroma size varies from 0.5–1.5 cm diameter; most lesions are 7–10 mm diameter. A dermatofibroma is tethered to the skin surface and mobile over subcutaneous tissue. The overlying skin dimples on pinching the lesion – the dimple or pinch sign. Colour may be pink to light brown in ...Acne conglobata is a rare severe form of nodulocystic acne. It presents with groups of multiple comedones and inflammatory papules, pustules, and nodules involving the trunk, limbs, and buttocks. Interconnecting abscesses and draining sinuses become secondarily infected causing pain and malodour. Healing is slow, leaving unsightly hypertrophic ...Anogenital warts are an infection caused by specific human papillomavirus types, most commonly HPV types 6 and 11. Warts will usually appear three to six months after infection but they may appear months or even years later. Anogenital warts are usually a sexually transmitted infection (STI).DermNet NZ revision August 2021. Table of contents. Introduction Demographics Causes Clinical features Diagnosis Treatment Outlook. What is pityriasis versicolor? Pityriasis … Dermatomyositis is thought to be caused by a microangiopathy affecting skin and muscle. There is a genetic predisposition to the development of dermatomyositis such as the PTPN22 gene and HLA associations identified include: Anti-Mi-2 antibodies: HLA DRB1*07 and DQA*0201. Silica exposure — in tradespeople. The mottled appearance of cutis marmorata is caused by superficial small blood vessels in the skin dilating and contracting at the same time. Dilation creates the red colour of the skin whilst contraction produces a pale appearance. This phenomenon is most pronounced when the skin is cooled. The reasons for the reaction are not fully understood.Aug 24, 2021 · Bimekizumab (Bimzelx®) is a novel humanised immunoglobulin (IgG1) monoclonal antibody used to treat moderate to severe plaque psoriasis, generalised pustular psoriasis, and psoriatic erythroderma. Bimekizumab selectively and directly inhibits interleukin 17A and 17F (IL-17A and IL-17F). It is produced in a genetically engineered Chinese ... What is cellulitis? Cellulitis is a common bacterial skin infection of the lower dermis and subcutaneous tissue. It results in a localised area of red, painful, swollen skin, and systemic symptoms. Left untreated, cellulitis can be life-threatening. Similar symptoms are experienced with the more superficial infection, erysipelas, so cellulitis and erysipelas …Acne conglobata is a rare severe form of nodulocystic acne. It presents with groups of multiple comedones and inflammatory papules, pustules, and nodules involving the trunk, limbs, and buttocks. Interconnecting abscesses and draining sinuses become secondarily infected causing pain and malodour. Healing is slow, leaving unsightly hypertrophic ... Macular amyloidosis is generally pruritic, although the degree of pruritus varies from mild to severe. It can assume a subtle rippled or reticulated pattern, which resembles the ‘seafloor pattern’ seen in lichen amyloidosis. Macular amyloidosis may co-exist with lichen amyloidosis in up to 25% of affected patients [9]. Author: Qiuyu Jin, Medical Student, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. DermNet NZ Editor in Chief: Adjunct A/Prof Amanda Oakley, Dermatologist, Hamilton, New Zealand. Copy edited by Gus Mitchell/Maria McGivern. June 2019. DermNet NZ …City mill hawaii kai, Tequila blue, True fit gym, Galveston train museum, Bergan mercy hospital, Pirnhub..com, Utah gastroenterology, Ironstone amphitheatre, Hinsdale house, Red rock harley, Lindsey vonn, Bench clearers, Nellis auction las vegas, Tedpella

Macular amyloidosis is generally pruritic, although the degree of pruritus varies from mild to severe. It can assume a subtle rippled or reticulated pattern, which resembles the ‘seafloor pattern’ seen in lichen amyloidosis. Macular amyloidosis may co-exist with lichen amyloidosis in up to 25% of affected patients [9]. . Rodman ford

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The Australian and New Zealand Melanoma Guidelines report that metastases are rare for melanomas < 0.75mm and the risk for tumours 0.75–1 mm thick is about 5%. The risk steadily increases with thickness so that melanomas > 4 mm result in a 10-year survival of around 50%, according to the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) statistics. Scalp psoriasis is a skin condition characterised by red, thickened, well- demarcated patches or plaques with overlying silvery-white scales, affecting part or all of the scalp. It can be contained within the hairline, though frequently affects the back of the head, or extends onto the forehead ( facial psoriasis ), ears, or neck.Necrotising fasciitis may also affect upper limb, perineum, buttocks, trunk, head and neck. Symptoms appear usually within 24 hours of a minor injury. Pain is often very severe at presentation and worsens over time. There may be flu-like symptoms, such as nausea, fever, diarrhoea, dizziness and general malaise.Skin conditions caused or aggravated by infection by malassezia include: Pityriasis versicolor – most often due to M. globosa, M. sympodialis and M. furfur. Malassezia folliculitis due to the yeast growing in the hair follicles where they produce inflammation. Steroid acne. Seborrhoeic dermatitis, dandruff, sebopsoriasis and facial or scalp ...Cutaneous features of periorificial dermatitis include: An acneiform eruption. Clusters of skin-coloured to red papules, vesicles, and pustules. Usually less than 2mm each; may coalesce into larger lesions. …Scalp tumours occur worldwide. Most scalp tumours (93–99%) are benign as opposed to malignant. Approximately 40–50% of benign scalp tumours are cysts with an estimated 20% incidence in Western populations. Trichilemmal (or pilar) cysts are especially common and it is estimated 80% of these cysts occur on the scalp. Dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) is an inflammatoryimmunobullous disease of the skin and a cutaneousmanifestation of coeliac (celiac) disease, a gluten-sensitive enteropathy. The name herpetiformis is derived from the tendency for blisters to appear in clusters, resembling herpes simplex. However, DH is not due to viral infection. Acne conglobata is a rare severe form of nodulocystic acne. It presents with groups of multiple comedones and inflammatory papules, pustules, and nodules involving the trunk, limbs, and buttocks. Interconnecting abscesses and draining sinuses become secondarily infected causing pain and malodour. Healing is slow, leaving unsightly hypertrophic ... Author: Qiuyu Jin, Medical Student, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. DermNet NZ Editor in Chief: Adjunct A/Prof Amanda Oakley, Dermatologist, Hamilton, New Zealand. Copy edited by Gus Mitchell/Maria McGivern. June 2019. DermNet NZ Update July 2021 Sun damage ( photoageing, actinic keratoses) Repeated prior episodes of sunburn. Fair skin, blue eyes and blond or red hair — note; BCC can also affect darker skin types. Previous cutaneous injury, thermal burn, disease (eg cutaneous lupus, sebaceous naevus) Inherited syndromes: BCC is a particular problem for families with basal cell naevus ... Decreased arterial flow. The blockage or narrowing of arteries by the small clots that lead to blue toe syndrome can result from a number of different conditions.. Embolisation. Cholesterol emboli are cholesterol fragments or fibrin – platelet material released into the bloodstream from ulcerated arteriosclerotic plaques in the large arteries (eg, the aorta, …Cold urticaria is a relatively uncommon form of chronic inducible urticaria. Urticarial weals develop after being exposed to cold, cold water, and cold objects. Acquired cold urticaria is now understood to be a completely different disorder from familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome (FCAS), previously known as hereditary cold urticaria.Patch testing is undertaken for the investigation and confirmation of substances that produce allergic contact dermatitis. It involves applying appropriately diluted allergens to the skin, usually on the back for convenience, for 48 hours. The patch tests are then read at 96 hours as reactions usually take 48–96 hours to develop.Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a treatment used mainly for superficial types of skin cancer. PDT is effective in treating actinic keratoses, in situ squamous cell carcinoma (Bowen disease), and superficial basal cell carcinomas. It may also be used for treatment of small, thin, low-risk nodular basal cell carcinomas outside of the head and neck ...Author: Qiuyu Jin, Medical Student, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. DermNet NZ Editor in Chief: Adjunct A/Prof Amanda Oakley, Dermatologist, Hamilton, New Zealand. Copy edited by Gus Mitchell/Maria McGivern. June 2019. DermNet NZ …Urticaria pigmentosa. Urticaria pigmentosa is a form of cutaneous mastocytosis in which there are brown macules and papules. Urticaria pigmentosa is mostly seen in infants and improves with age. It may also arise in adults when it tends to persist. Lesions may affect trunk and limbs, and less often scalp and face. With crawling, the extensor aspects of the elbows and wrists, knees and ankles are affected. The distribution becomes flexural with walking, particularly involving the antecubital and popliteal fossae (elbow and knee creases). Dribble and food can cause dermatitis around the mouth and chin. DermDiag. The DermDiag Tool is designed to help you understand your skin condition. This tool does not provide medical advice. To get started, select the part of the body where you are experiencing symptoms. We suggest that you search our Glossary if you are unfamiliar with any dermatological terms. Acne conglobata is a rare severe form of nodulocystic acne. It presents with groups of multiple comedones and inflammatory papules, pustules, and nodules involving the trunk, limbs, and buttocks. Interconnecting abscesses and draining sinuses become secondarily infected causing pain and malodour. Healing is slow, leaving unsightly hypertrophic ...Henoch–Schönlein purpura (HSP) is a form of leukocytoclastic or small-vessel vasculitis, most often observed in children. It is sometimes called anaphylactoid purpura. HSP results from inflammation of the small blood vessels in the skin and various other tissues within the body. HSP generally affects children, but it may also occur in adult ... Pityriasis rosea is a self-limiting rash, which resolves in about 6–10 weeks. It is characterised by a large circular or oval "herald patch", usually found on the chest, abdomen, or back. The herald patch is followed some time later, typically two weeks or so, by the development of smaller scaly oval red patches, resembling a Christmas tree ... Infection of internal organs, including the gastrointestinal tract, lungs, and brain ( encephalitis) Herpes zoster is infectious to people who have not previously had chickenpox. Herpes zoster in the early months of pregnancy can harm the fetus, but luckily this is rare. Shingles in late pregnancy can cause chickenpox in the fetus or newborn.A list of the most commonly used key terms and phrases in dermatology. The Australian and New Zealand Melanoma Guidelines report that metastases are rare for melanomas < 0.75mm and the risk for tumours 0.75–1 mm thick is about 5%. The risk steadily increases with thickness so that melanomas > 4 mm result in a 10-year survival of around 50%, according to the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) statistics. Bimekizumab (Bimzelx®) is a novel humanised immunoglobulin (IgG1) monoclonal antibody used to treat moderate to severe plaque psoriasis, generalised pustular psoriasis, and psoriatic erythroderma. Bimekizumab selectively and directly inhibits interleukin 17A and 17F (IL-17A and IL-17F). It is produced in a genetically engineered … A kerion presents as a boggy pus -filled lump, often several centimetres in diameter. It is characterised by marked inflammation. Hairs within the kerion are loose and fall out, often resulting in a bald area ( localised alopecia ). Enlargement of the regional lymph nodes can occur, and some people become systemically unwell with fevers and ... New Zealand training programme for specialist dermatologists Dermatology practice guidelines Dermatology conferences Teledermatology Image library Donate Volunteer: Guidelines for authors. Skin infections. Bacterial skin infections Fungal skin infections Arthropods, helminths and other bugs Viral skin infections. Body sites. Arm Body folds or ...It feels soft and smooth and is easily moved under the skin with the fingers. It may have a rubbery or doughy consistency. Lipomas are most common on the shoulders, neck, trunk and arms, but they can occur anywhere on the body where fat tissue is present. Most lipomas are symptomless, but some are painful when applying pressure. DermNet now features a library of authentic patient cases with images. These cover the various symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, and outcomes that can be expected in the real world. You'll find these cases listed below. All of our content is written by medical professionals and reviewed by dermatologists before being published. DermNet™ is a website that provides reliable information on how to care for skin conditions, by experts in dermatology. You can find pages on various skin diseases, treatments, …A dermatofibroma can occur anywhere on the skin. Dermatofibroma size varies from 0.5–1.5 cm diameter; most lesions are 7–10 mm diameter. A dermatofibroma is tethered to the skin surface and mobile over subcutaneous tissue. The overlying skin dimples on pinching the lesion – the dimple or pinch sign. Colour may be pink to light brown in ... Infection of internal organs, including the gastrointestinal tract, lungs, and brain ( encephalitis) Herpes zoster is infectious to people who have not previously had chickenpox. Herpes zoster in the early months of pregnancy can harm the fetus, but luckily this is rare. Shingles in late pregnancy can cause chickenpox in the fetus or newborn. Curettage. The lesion should be sent to a pathology laboratory for analysis. The wound surface is then cauterised with a hot wire beaded tip or electrosurgical unit (diathermy). This stops bleeding and helps destroys any remaining skin tumour cells. This procedure is usually repeated twice for malignant skin lesions (serial curettage and cautery). Urticaria pigmentosa. Urticaria pigmentosa is a form of cutaneous mastocytosis in which there are brown macules and papules. Urticaria pigmentosa is mostly seen in infants and improves with age. It may also arise in adults when it tends to persist. Lesions may affect trunk and limbs, and less often scalp and face. Miliaria rubra, the most common form of heat rash, results in red, 2–4 mm, non- follicular papules and papulovesicles. They are very itchy. Background erythema is often present. In children, miliaria involves the trunk and the skin folds of the neck, axilla or groin. In adults, miliaria often affects the upper trunk, scalp, neck and flexures ... Lichen planus is a chronic inflammatory condition affecting the skin and mucosal surfaces. Learn about its symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment, and complications with images and references from DermNet NZ, a comprehensive online resource for skin health. DermNet provides Google Translate, a free machine translation service. Note that this may not provide an exact translation in all languages Topics A-Z ... Mournighan KJ, Baca-Atlas M, Helton MR, Sun NZ, Siegel MB. Generalized bullous fixed-drug eruption secondary to the influenza vaccine. JAAD Case Rep. 2018;4(9):953–5. doi:10.1016/j.jdcr ...Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma can cause harmless swelling, known as reactive or dermopathic lymphadenopathy, or malignant growth in the lymph nodes. The blood count is normal in most patients with CTCL. An elevated white cell count is characteristic of Sézary syndrome and confirmed on flow cytometry. It may cause discomfort or bleeding when passing bowel motions, and aggravate any tendency to constipation, particularly in children. Lichen sclerosus causes adhesions and scarring. The clitoris may be buried. The labia minora resorb/shrink. The entrance to the vagina tightens (introital stenosis ). Basal cell naevus syndrome is a rare genetic cancer syndrome characterised by multiple early onset basal cell carcinomas, odontogenic keratocysts and other tumours, and other abnormalities. Basal cell naevus syndrome (BCNS) is probably best known as Gorlin syndrome, and is also called naevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome, amongst many other names. Urticaria pigmentosa. Urticaria pigmentosa is a form of cutaneous mastocytosis in which there are brown macules and papules. Urticaria pigmentosa is mostly seen in infants and improves with age. It may also arise in adults when it tends to persist. Lesions may affect trunk and limbs, and less often scalp and face.Fungal infection of the nail, also known as onychomycosis, compromises over 50% of all nail disease with an estimated prevalence of 5.5%. They can affect the toenails, fingernails, or both. Fungal nail infections are also known as tinea unguium in …Scalp tumours occur worldwide. Most scalp tumours (93–99%) are benign as opposed to malignant. Approximately 40–50% of benign scalp tumours are cysts with an estimated 20% incidence in Western populations. Trichilemmal (or pilar) cysts are especially common and it is estimated 80% of these cysts occur on the scalp.Scalp tumours occur worldwide. Most scalp tumours (93–99%) are benign as opposed to malignant. Approximately 40–50% of benign scalp tumours are cysts with an estimated 20% incidence in Western populations. Trichilemmal (or pilar) cysts are especially common and it is estimated 80% of these cysts occur on the scalp.Contact dermatitis (also called contact eczema) refers to a group of skin disorders in which the skin reaction is due to direct contact with the causative agent. The term dermatitis implies that the outside layers of skin are affected. It can be acute (a single episode) or chronic ( persistent ). Dermatitis is nearly always itchy.Rheumatoid arthritis initially affects the small joints, such as those in the hands, but in later stages can affect any joint. It presents as episodic flares of symmetrical synovitis (swelling, redness, pain of joints), morning stiffness, and enthesitis. Untreated, it progresses to irreversible joint destruction with loss of cartilage and bone.What is rosacea? Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin condition predominantly affecting the central face and most often starts between the age of 30–60 years. Rosacea is …Epidermolysis bullosa. EB should be distinguished from common friction blisters, and from epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA), which is a blistering autoimmune disease that is not inherited and often doesn't develop until adult life. The EB conditions result from genetic defects of molecules in the skin concerned with adhesion.Rheumatoid arthritis initially affects the small joints, such as those in the hands, but in later stages can affect any joint. It presents as episodic flares of symmetrical synovitis (swelling, redness, pain of joints), morning stiffness, and enthesitis. Untreated, it progresses to irreversible joint destruction with loss of cartilage and bone.Alopecia areata is an autoimmune condition affecting hair follicles causing hair loss. It typically presents with discrete bald patches on the scalp but can cause hair loss from all hair-bearing areas on the body. Alopecia is a Latin term meaning hair loss, and areata refers to the patchy nature of the hair loss.What is seborrhoeic dermatitis? Seborrhoeic dermatitis is a common, chronic, or relapsing form of eczema /dermatitis that mainly affects the sebaceous gland -rich regions of the …Contact dermatitis (also called contact eczema) refers to a group of skin disorders in which the skin reaction is due to direct contact with the causative agent. The term dermatitis implies that the outside layers of skin are affected. It can be acute (a single episode) or chronic ( persistent ). Dermatitis is nearly always itchy. The Australian and New Zealand Melanoma Guidelines report that metastases are rare for melanomas < 0.75mm and the risk for tumours 0.75–1 mm thick is about 5%. The risk steadily increases with thickness so that melanomas > 4 mm result in a 10-year survival of around 50%, according to the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) statistics. . Warren village, America's first federal, Sheboygan cinema, Acorn casino, Furball farm, Rags for rugs, Taylor machine works, Dhaba indian bistro, Texas bar association.